Exodus

Exodus is possibly one of the famous books of the Bible. Exodus recounts the liberation of the Israelites from Egypt, including the plagues and the parting of the red sea. When I think of Exodus, I automatically think of Moses. The word Exodus is an anglicized version of the Greek word meaning "departure."

Introduction

Exodus is possibly one of the famous books of the Bible. Exodus recounts the liberation of the Israelites from Egypt, including the plagues and the parting of the red sea. When I think of Exodus, I automatically think of Moses. The word Exodus is an anglicized version of the Greek word meaning "departure"[1].

Brief Overview

Exodus takes place well after Joseph's death, 400 years after the Israelites arrival to Egypt (just as God told Abraham in Genesis). Based on dates given in the Bible, the Israelites where probably held captive until 1446bc[6][7]. This would have been during the 18th Dynasty of Egypt, thus the Pharaohs of Moses' time would have been Amenhotep I (1514—1493bc)[2], Thutmose I (1493 — 1482bc[3]), Thutmose II (1482 — 1479bc[4]), and Thutmose III (1479 — 1426bc[5]).
And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;Genesis 15:13 KJV
There are four key points in Exodus:
  • God reveals His name to Moses
  • God answers the Israelites prayers to be liberated
  • God gives us laws to live by
  • God specifies how the temple is to be constructed

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Authorship

Being one of the 5 books included in the Pentateuch, Exodus is generally considered to be written by Moses. This assumption is confirmed many places in scripture (see the post on Genesis for a list of these verses).
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Date of Authorship

Scholars agree that Moses wrote the Exodus during the last 40 years of his life, while searching for the promised land with the Israelites—a logical conclusion since the events in the book cover the exodus and subsequent wandering. Since Moses is estimated to have live between 1526 and 1406bc, we can assume Exodus was written between 1445 and 1406bc.

People Discussed in Exodus

Prominent Individuals

Moses

Moses is the primary character in Exodus, as well as the author of the Pentateuch (Genesis, Exodus, Deuteronomy, Leviticus, and Numbers). While many others had the pleasure of speaking with God before Moses, he is the first to be in God's undisguised physical presence.

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Aaron

The brother of Moses, Aaron and his sons are appointed to the priesthood by God during the Exodus.

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Other Individuals

Some of these people were mentioned for genealogies. More information on the significance of these people can be found on the People page.
  1. Abihu
  2. Carmi
  3. Eleazar
  4. Hanoch
  5. Hezron
  6. Ithamar
  7. Jachin
  8. Jamin
  9. Jemuel
  10. Jethro/Reuel
  11. Joshua
  12. Kohath
  13. Nadab
  14. Ohad
  15. Puah
  16. Reuben
  17. Reuel
  18. Shaul
  19. Shiphrah
  20. Simeon
  21. Uzziel
  22. Zipporah
  23. Zohar

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An Overview of the Book of Exodus

References

[1] Holman Bible Publishers. Holman KJV Study Bible. pg 97. 2014
[2] "Amenhotep I". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2015
[3] "Thutmose I". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2015
[4] "Thutmose II". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2015
[5] "Thutmose III". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2015
[6] 1 Kings 6:1[7] Judges 11:26 Top

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About

Author Image Author Image I love reading the Word of God. With prayer God's Word reveals so much: from comfort to temperance, from perspective to affirmation. Digging into the depths of the Word, cross-referencing history, language and time differences, is a passion of mine. In March of 2015 I decided to go back through the Bible doing an in depth study on each section I read. Eventually I decided to share my journal of notes as I partake in this journey. I hope you are blessed by God and inspired to pursue a deeper relationship with Him. I love reading and learning about God, nature, and science. I am interested in how it all connects. The Creator's fingerprints are all over his creation. We can learn so much about Him and how we came to be by exploring the world around us. Join me as I explore the world and draw closer to the One who created it all.
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