Let's Have A Feast (Part 2)

"The kingdom of heave may be compared to a king who gave a wedding feast for his son, Matthew 22:2 ESV

definition
feast[1]
noun
  1. a: an elaborate and usually abundant meal often accompanied by a ceremony or entertainment : BANQUET
    b (1): something that gives unusual or abundant enjoyment
    // a visual feast
    (2): ABUNDANCE, PROFUSION
    //an unprecedented feast of corruption, gargantuan in scale — Neil Sheehan
  2. : a periodic religious observance commemorating an event or honoring a deity, person, or thing
Feast of Weeks/Pentecost
  • Leviticus 23:15-22
  • Acts 2
  • Takes place 7 Sabbaths after the Feast of First Fruits
      I actually confused myself about this timing after I recorded the episode. Some translations (like the NKJV) say for 50 days to be counted after the seventh Sabbath, which implies you would have the 49 days of the seven Sabbaths, plus another 50 days. However, most references just say 50 days after Passover. Using Deuteronomy 16:6-10, you can see that it was only 7 weeks (7 Sabbaths) after Passover that Pentecost was to occur. I checked a Jewish calendar to verify.[3] The Jewish calendar lists April 8, 2020 as Nisan 14 (the date of Passover) and they count 50 days from Nisan 15 to May 29, 2020 for Pentecost. While, this clears up the number of days, apparently I'm not the only one confused.[4] The Pharisees and Sadducees didn't agree on how to count the days either!

      The confusion here stems from the word Sabbath. Some times Sabbath means the seventh day of the week, but sometimes it means a holy day God proclaimed to be a day of rest (Sabbath) no matter what day it falls on. The Sadducees took a literal approach and counted from the first seventh day Sabbath during the Feast of Unleavened Bread, while the Pharisees counted from the first day of Unleavened Bread, which was considered a Sabbath. The Sadducees were in charge when Christ was on Earth, and since He did not correct them, I think it's safe to say that Pentecost should be counted from the first seventh day Sabbath during the feast of Unleavened Bread. That would make the true Pentecost Sunday May 31, 2020.
  • Description /Instructions
    • Bring 2 loaves, baked with leaven to offer
    • Offer 7 lambs, without blemish and one year old
    • Offer 1 young bull
    • Offer 2 rams
    • A grain offering
    • A drink offering
    • A Sin offering of 1 young goat
    • A peace offering of 2 male lambs in their first year
    • Treated as a Sabbath; no work was to be done.
  • Connection to the past
    • Possibly linked to when Moses received the stone tablets from God—Exodus 19:1 confirms that the Israelites reached Sinai in the third month, which is the month Pentecost occurs
  • Connection to prophecy
    • In Acts 2, the disciples received the Holy Spirit
    • At this time God wrote the law in the hearts and minds of His people (Jeremiah 31:33; Hebrews 10:16)

The long summer between the spring and fall feasts may or may not represent the wait for Christ's second coming.[2]

Feast of Trumpets / Rosh Hashanah
  • Leviticus 23:23-25
  • Occurs on the first day of the seventh month (1 Tishri)
  • Lasts for 7 days
  • Description/Instructions
    • Treated as a Sabbath; no work is to be done
    • A holy convocation where trumpets are blown is to take place
    • And offering to the LORD was to be made
  • Connection to the Past
    • Nothing explicitly is stated to connect this to the history of Israel
    • Some believe it is linked to the Israel's victory at Jericho in which the walls fell when they blew the trumpets (Joshua 6); that would make this a double prophecy
  • Connection to Prophecy
    • Often tied to the 7 trumpets of Revelation (Revelation 8-11)

Day of Atonement
  • Leviticus 23:26-32
  • Occurs on the 10th day of the 7th month (10 Tishri)
  • Description/Instructions
    • Treated as a Sabbath; no work is to be done
    • A holy convocation is to occur
    • Repentance is to happen for each person (afflict your soul)
    • An offering to the LORD was to be given
    • Those not repenting and those working would be punished by God
  • Connection to the Past
    • Represents coming before God in repentance
  • Connection to Prophecy
    • In the final day, we will stand before God and plead the blood of Christ (our offering) in repentance

In the Next Episode

  • Let's Have A Feast Part 3 (to be released on April 1, 2020)
    1. Feast of Tabernacles
    2. Purim
    3. Hanukkah

References

  1. "Feast". Merriam-Webster; March 17, 2020
  2. Matthew Ervin. "The Seven Feasts of Israel are Fulfilled in Jesus". Apple Eye Ministries. March 7, 2014
  3. "From Passover to Pentecost". Jews for Jesus. July 1, 1995
  4. Jim Franks. "Counting Pentecost When the First Day of Unleavened Bread Falls on Sunday". United Church of God. January 1, 2005

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Author Image Author Image I love reading the Word of God. With prayer God's Word reveals so much: from comfort to temperance, from perspective to affirmation. Digging into the depths of the Word, cross-referencing history, language and time differences, is a passion of mine. In March of 2015 I decided to go back through the Bible doing an in depth study on each section I read. Eventually I decided to share my journal of notes as I partake in this journey. I hope you are blessed by God and inspired to pursue a deeper relationship with Him. I love reading and learning about God, nature, and science. I am interested in how it all connects. The Creator's fingerprints are all over his creation. We can learn so much about Him and how we came to be by exploring the world around us. Join me as I explore the world and draw closer to the One who created it all.
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