Isaiah 22: Eat, Drink, & Be Merry

Isaiah 22: Eat, Drink, & Be Merry

Original Publication Date
December 7, 2018
Jan 28, 2023 6:22 PM
IsaiahChapter StudyMessianic ProphecyCaptivityProphecy
Bible References

Isaiah 22

Table of Contents
This page was originally posted on my Blogger version of the blog on December 7, 2018 The content below has a few minor tweaks for clarity, and additional references, and some updated information.


Isaiah 22 is written to the valley of vision, aka Jerusalem. We know this from Isaiah 22:4, in which God refers to the city as the daughter of my people. This is akin to the phrase "daughter of Zion," since we know Zion is God's people, therefore we can conclude Isaiah is addressing Jerusalem. This is later confirmed by the description of the city and the reference to the city of David. The Israelites were notorious for breaking their covenant with God so it is of no surprise that there is a vision of judgment for the city that was contained God's Earthly home.

The final bit of the chapter covers a prophecy about a man named Eliakim, which turns out to be a double prophecy fulfilled in Jesus as well!


Within the first passage, Isaiah informs us that the army of Israel isn't dead, but rather they've all fled into a corner. The leaders of the city have abandoned the people! A good leader is on the front lines of the battle; this is why God often reminds us that we aren't to fight the battle, we are to let Him do the fighting. God would never flee into a corner and leave us to defend ourselves against Satan. Can you imagine the chaos that would ensue if a foreign country attacked us right now and the President, Vice President, and all of the house and senate fled the country? That's basically what Isaiah was predicting would happen to Jerusalem.

Elam and Kir

Elam and Kir are cities mentioned as fighting against Israel, in Isaiah 22:6. Elam is likely named after one of Shem's sons who also bore the name Elam.[1] It would have been located East of Israel, just past Babylon. Kir was a city in Moab.[2]

Eat, Drink, Be Merry

On the eve an exam you're pretty sure you're going to fail, do you spend the night before cramming as much as you can or going out with your friends? If you have the tiniest smidgen of hope, you cram like your life depends on it. If you've given up and checked-out, you probably go out with your friends. In Isaiah 22:8-14, the people of Jerusalem are quickly losing a war. Instead of turning to God for help, they are feasting and drinking with the knowledge that they will eventually lose. Unlike the situation in Ecclesiastes 8:15, this is a celebration of conceding before the end and unnecessary acceptance of failure.

The contrast between their behavior and Jesus' is worth noting. The people of Jerusalem abandon God in the time they need Him most; had they been in communion with God, the enemy would never have gained so much ground. Accepting their defeat, they decide to drown their worries out with the worldly act of partying. In contrast, just before His crucifixion, Jesus goes to pray. He fasts and spends the evening reflecting what is coming next.

Foretelling the Captivity

Isaiah warns Israel of the coming captivity that will result from the their defeat.


Shebna was a scribe in the king's household (2 Kings 18:37). Like the pharaoh's of Egypt, he had spent time and money building a grand burial site for himself. This would be a monument for generations to come to remember him by. I think it's fairly obvious that this would be considered vain and displeasing to God, so it doesn't come as surprise to me that God uses this as the punchline for the coming judgment. God informs them that they've done all of this preparation for nought. Captivity was upon them and they were to die in a foreign land in shame.


God calls on a man named Eliakim, who served Israel during the reign of King Hezekiah, to be the leader during the fall of the city. Eliakim means "resurrection of God" or "raised up by God."[3]

It's interesting, because another Eliakim, is actually one of the last kings of Israel and is placed on the throne to replace his father (Josiah) by an Egyptian pharaoh. Isaiah is clearly speaking of the specific Eliakim of his era, but it can't be coincidence that the king during the beginning of Judah's loss of sovereignty was also named Eliakim.

Another interesting point about Eliakim, is that his description sounds a lot like Jesus. Both Jesus and Eliakim are:

  1. Clothed in a robe (John 19:2,Β Revelation 19:13,Β 16)
  2. Over the government (Isaiah 9:6,Β Luke 23:42,Β Revelation 17:14)
  3. House of Judah (Matthew 1)
  4. Key to the House of David (Revelation 3:7)
  5. Power to open and shut such that no one else can change (Revelation 3:7-8)
  6. Fastened as a nail (John 20:24-27,Β Colossians 2:14)
  7. A throne for his father's house (Matthew 10:32,Β Revelation 3:21)
  8. Cut off (Daniel 9:24-27,Β Matthew 27)

References and Footnotes

  1. "Elam".Β Bible Atlas; visited December 2018
  2. "Kir".Β Bible Atlas; visited December 2018
  3. "Eliakim".Β Bible Hub; visited December 2018

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