The Religion of the Israelites

The Israelites formalized their religion after Moses talked to God on Mt. Sinai. Some of the modern concepts of Judaism spring from this, but it's not an exact match. How this religion was shaped is very important to how Christianity is shaped, so let's dive in.
4"Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one! 5You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your strength. Deuteronomy 6:4-5 NKJV

Surrendering to God shows us our faults and helps us not to make the same kinds of mistakes Israel was prone to.

There are 3 "types" of laws Moses writes down for the Israelites
  • Commands (i.e., do not kill)
  • Punishments (i.e., how to handle situations where people have broken the commands)
  • Ceremonies (i.e., deal with worship)

Books used by the Jews outside of the Torah
  1. : sanctioned by Jewish law
  2. : being proper, acceptable, or satisfactory
What is the difference between tradition and law
The law was dictated by God, but interpretation drives man to do other things outside of or beyond the law. Anything that is not mandated by God, but is done religiously is tradition. Hebrew vs. Israelite vs. Jew
  • Hebrew comes from Eber (Genesis 10:21-25); all descendants of Eber are called Hebrews
  • Israelite comes from Israel, or Jacob (); this includes all 12 Tribes of Israel
  • Jew comes from Judea or Judah (); this includes the tribes that lived in the southern kingdom[2]


  1. "Kosher". Merriam-Webster; March 11, 2020
  2. The verse I referenced in the podcast about people from all the tribes settling in Judah is 2 Chronicles 11:13-17

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