Job 41-42: God’s Final Word

Job 41-42: God’s Final Word

Original Publication Date
June 10, 2017
Aug 12, 2023 8:09 PM
JobChapter StudyAnimalsWaterRepentance and Forgiveness
Bible References
Job 41-42
Table of Contents
This page was originally posted on my Blogger version of the blog on June 10, 2017 The content below has a few minor tweaks for clarity, and additional references, and some updated information.


God finishes His Words to Job in the last two chapters of the book and Job realizes his error. I imagine, on Judgment Day, non-believers will be like Job, standing in awe at the wonder of God and realizing how wrong they've been. Unfortunately for them, it will be too late. Fortunately for Job, it was not too late.

God's Message

In the previous chapter, God reminded us that only He could subdue a monstrous creature called Behemoth. In Job 41, God tells us only He can subdue Leviathan. We'll talk about whether Leviathan is a creature or a symbol later; for now, let's stick to God's power. The main problem we have as humans is a loss of perspective. We become so involved in our own world, that we forget how small and insignificant we truly are. This has a tendency to make us prideful and vain. God's reason for describing such a ferocious creature and asking Job if he can subdue it is to remind Job of his frailty. We don't have control over anything in our world, except ourselves, and sometimes we don't have control over ourselves either (I'd never be sick if I had 100% control over myself). Even with tame, house broken animals such as a dog or cat, they are not completely under our submission. Your dog may scratch your chair or keep trying to play with you after you tell him to sit. My cat brings lizards in the house no matter how many times I tell her not to... We aren't in control.

Job Repents

Once Job hears this from God Himself, he realizes that we can't know everything. Job may not know why God allowed him so suffer, but he should always know that God's reason is pure and just. Job repents of accusing God of being unjust, and he also asks for forgiveness for his friends. Eliphaz, Zophar, and Bildad angered God—just as they angered Elihu—with their false doctrine. Part of being a believer, a leader, and a servant of God, is asking for forgiveness for those around us. Although Job was hard on his friends and was frustrated with their lack of answers, Job knew that like himself, they couldn't know everything. He recognized that they had tried to help him and were not spreading false doctrine on purpose. Now that Job understood the truth, he could teach his friends. It is only after Job prays for his friends that his fortune is reversed.

It is interesting to note that Job's friends must make sacrifices for their sin, but Job does not. I think the reason is the nature of the sin. Job did not violate any of God's laws; however, he was over confident in his own righteousness. Job's friends spread false doctrine, a practice that has severely crippled the modern church and continues to drive people away from God. Most likely God found the latter to be more harmful.

In the aftermath, Job is blessed two-fold, receiving double of everything he once had (except children). I have heard people question why Job didn't receive twice as many children afterward, and I would assume it's because he didn't actually lose the first 10. Example: if I have a house and it burns down, then I buy a new house, I only have 1 house. If I have a child and he or she dies, then I have another child, I'm still a mother of 2. Another reason could be the fact that 10 is the number of completeness in the Bible. Both 7 and 3 have Biblical significance as well.

It’s important to note that while God gave Job more children, Job likely mourned his original children for the rest of his life. The kids he had after this ordeal may have brought him joy, continued his name, and taken care of him in his old age, but human beings cannot be replaced. This is a reminder that unlike movies where conflict is resolved in 2 hours, there are lasting consequences to Satan’s rebellion. Just as there are consequences to his rebellions, there are consequences to ours as well.


The Leviathan has appeared in many legends. Scholars attribute the origin story of the Leviathan to pagan myths found in Baal Cycle; they argue that the name and thus the creature are a continuation of Lôtān, a sea monster found in Ugarit myths.[1] Bible believers, however, argue that Leviathan was (or is) a real creature. Leviathan is mentioned 6 times in scripture: Job 3:8, Job 40:15–41:26, Amos 9:3, Psalms 74:13–23, Psalm 104:26 and Isaiah 27:1. Depending on which translation you're reading, the text may say serpent.

Job 3:8 in the KJV doesn't say anything that seems remotely related to Leviathan, but my study Bible has a footnote that says the Hebrew text translated "their mourning" could also be translated to Leviathan.[2]

In that day the Lord with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.

From a Biblical stand point, Leviathan could be real or symbolic (or both). The language in Isaiah 27:1 sounds very symbolic. The serpent and dragon are often used to describe Satan. This verse sounds like much of the text in Revelation in which we are told God will defeat the dragon (i.e., Satan) on Judgement Day. In Job 41, God is asking if Job can tame the beast. The list of questions God asks could be in reference to a real creature, but God also asks Job if he can make a covenant with Leviathan. I would think only beings with intelligence can make a covenant: God, angels, and humans.[3]

References and Footnotes

  1. Leviathan". Wikipedia; visited June 2017
  2. Holman Bible Publishers. Holman KJV Study Bible, pg. 867. 2014
  3. Jeffrey J. Meyers. "Leviathan and Job, Part 2". Biblical Horizons Newsletter, No. 88. October 1996

Back to


Other Pages to View

Bible Studies


Related Studies



Related Studies


Related Podcasts

Related Experiences


Related History

2 Kings 2: Elisha Succeeds Elijah
2 KingsChapter StudyElijahElishaDeathFireWater
Ecclesiastes 12: The Meaning of Life
EcclesiastesChapter StudyDeathRepentance and ForgivenessWisdom
Ecclesiastes 1-2: The Futility of Life
Chapter StudyEcclesiastesWaterDeathMoneyWisdom
Psalms 31-40
Chapter StudyPsalmsRepentance and ForgivenessCommunicationMessianic ProphecyBook 1
Psalms 11-20
Chapter StudyPsalmsBook 1DeathPovertyMessianic ProphecyJobJosephAbrahamMosesPatiencePeace
Proverbs 10-22: More of Solomon’s Wisdom
ProverbsChapter StudyPrideWisdomAngerRepentance and ForgivenessWomenJusticeLyingCommandmentsRelationshipsMoney
Job 38-40: God Speaks
JobChapter StudyAnimalsScience
Job 32-37: Elihu Intervenes
JobChapter StudyScienceWaterPrideWisdom
Job 28-31: Job’s Monologue
JobChapter StudyScienceJusticeWisdom
Job 22-27: The Third Responses
JobChapter StudyScienceJustice
Job 15-21: The Second Responses
JobChapter StudyMental Health
Job 2-3: A Conversation with Friends
JobChapter StudyMental HealthRelationshipsDeath
Jonah 4: Selfish Righteousness
JonahChapter StudyAngerMental HealthRepentance and ForgivenessAssyria
Job 4-14: The First Responses
JobChapter StudyRelationships
Jonah 1: Running From God
Chapter StudyJonahWaterDavidAnimalsRepentance and ForgivenessMessiahFaith
Job 1&2: The Fall of Job
JobChapter StudyMoneySatanBlessings & Curses
Genesis 37-50: The 12 Tribes of Israel
GenesisChapter StudyJosephBenjaminLeviJudahRuebenSimeonZebulunIssacharGadDanManassehEphraimAsherNaphtaliRepentance and ForgivenessFamineEgyptWomenSexual ImoralityGenealogyIncestTamarDreams and VisionsIrony
Joshua 3-4: Crossing the Jordan River
JoshuaChapter StudyTemple FurnishingsJoshua (person)WaterBaptism
Deuteronomy 1-4: The First Address
DeuteronomyChapter StudyMoabAmmonFalse Deities and ProphetsCommandmentsMosesRepentance and ForgivenessJoshua (person)
2 Chronicles 33: Manasseh & Amon
2 ChroniclesChapter StudyAmonManassehJosiahJudahFalse Deities and ProphetsRepentance and Forgiveness
Would You Rather?: Betray or Deny
Would You RatherJudasPeterRepentance and ForgivenessLuke
1 Samuel 12: Samuel
1 SamuelChapter StudySamuelRepentance and Forgiveness
1 Samuel 15: Saul Sins
1 SamuelChapter StudyAmalakitesSaulRepentance and ForgivenessSamuel
Isaiah 28: Don’t Drink and Preach
IsaiahChapter StudyDeathSalvationRepentance and ForgivenessProphecyDrunkenness
Isaiah 14: Satan’s Origin Story?
IsaiahChapter StudyPhilistineSatanProphecyBabylonDeathWater
Isaiah 8: Concluding the Message to Ahaz
IsaiahChapter StudyWaterSigns Seals and MarksProphecyWitchcraftSymbolism
Isaiah 6: A Glimpse of Angels
IsaiahChapter StudyAngelsRepentance and ForgivenessJudeEnoch
Isaiah 9: Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace
IsaiahChapter StudyEphraimManassehMessianic ProphecySatanJudgementRepentance and Forgiveness
Isaiah 1: Judgment for Israel is Coming
IsaiahChapter StudyCaptivityRepentance and ForgivenessJudgement
Numbers 20: Moses Sins
NumbersChapter StudySymbolismMosesAaronWater
Numbers 35: Special Cities
NumbersChapter StudyMurderPovertyLeviRepentance and Forgiveness
Exodus 33-35: Repentance & The Second Set of Tablets
ExodusChapter StudyRepentance and ForgivenessClean and UncleanIsraelIntercessory PrayerFeasts & Holy DaysMoses
Exodus 32: The Golden Calf
ExodusChapter StudyFalse Deities and ProphetsMosesAaronCommandmentsRepentance and ForgivenessIntercessory Prayer
Exodus 14-17: Leaving Egypt
ExodusChapter StudyEgyptPhilistineMosesMiriamWomenWildernessWaterAmalakitesNames of GodFire
Genesis 6-9: Noah and the Flood
GenesisChapter StudyNoahWaterJudgementCovenantClean and UncleanAnimalsNephilim and Giants
Nehemiah 7-11: Restoration of Jerusalem
NehemiahChapter StudyTithesGenealogyRepentance and ForgivenessSalvationFeasts & Holy Days
Acts 9: From Saul to Paul
ActsChapter StudyPaulRepentance and ForgivenessHoly SpiritTheft
Acts 15: Disagreements in the Church
ActsChapter StudyPaulPeterLeadershipCommandmentsSalvationCircumcisionRepentance and Forgiveness
2 Samuel 13-19: Absalom’s Coup
Chapter Study2 SamuelDavidRelationshipsTamarWomenSexual ImoralitySexual AssaultRepentance and Forgiveness
Would You Rather?: Marriage vs. Singleness
Would You RatherRelationshipsLoveRepentance and ForgivenessHoseaPaul
PSALMS to God is a blog, podcast, and YouTube channel that discusses many topics and issues, always keeping YHWH as the anchor. Hosea 4:6 says “My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge”—here, the aim is to always ask questions and study to find the answers. You can keep up with new content by signing up for the weekly newsletter.